Narendra chandak

Narendra chandak
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Wednesday, August 6, 2014

Origion of maheshwaries

Though there is no particular book
available on maheshwari samaj's origing but most
authentic work done on the origin of Maheshwaris
is by late Shri Shivkarnji Darak of Mundwa. Given
below are the findings of his research.King Khadgal
Sen of Khandela was blessed with a son,
Sujankunwar, after a yagnya was performed. The
rishis (priests) who did t he yagnya warned the
king that this son of his should not be allowed to
go East. When Sujankunwar grew he inherited the
kingdom. King Khadgal Sen himself retired. It was
this time when the growth of Jainism was in full
swing. Sujankunwar also baptised himself in
Jainism and started opposing yagnyas. Not
heeding the advice of the priests he proceeded
with his 72 Umraons towards east. Seeing the
priests performing yagnya Sujankunwar asked his
Umraons to disturb it. For this deed of theirs the
priests made them all in statues. On hearing the
news Khadgal Sen along with his queens killed
themselves. Wife of Sujankunwar Chandrawati,
along with the wives of all the Umraons went to the
place where their husbands were made into
statues. They pleaded with the priests to reconvert
their husbands to live form. The priests showed
their inability to take back the curse. They,
however, advised these women to pray with Lord
Shiva and Parvatiji for bringing these statues back
to life . Lord Shiva and Parvatiji were impressed by
the prayers and gave life to all the statues. They
were also asked to leave their Kshatriya tradition
and convert to Vaisyas. The priests on whose
curse the Umraons were made into statues were
Parashar (Pareek), Dadhichi (Dahiya), Gautam
(Gurjar Gaud), Khandik (Khandelwal), Sukumarg
(Sukuwal) and Sarsur (Sarswat). The priests asked
the Lord as to how their yagnyas would materialise
and who will save them from the plunderers. The
Lord asked them that each of the six priests should
take 12 Umraons as their disciples and these
Umraons will keep on giving you alms. The
descendent of these 72 Vaisya families will always
be with you to take care. From then these 72
families were called Maheshwaris taking the name
from Lord Mahesh or Lord Shiva. These 72 families
with their surnames (khaps) formed the primary
Maheshwari list of surnames. Later there were
subdivisions and from amongst these 72 surnames
there were more sub-surnames (up-khaps). It was
in this way that with the blessing of Lord Mahesh
the formation of Maheshwaris was done on the
ninth day of the Jaishtha month. Later 5 more
families from the Kshatriyas joined the Maheshwari.
History of Maheswari Samaj:-
Raja Khandelsen was the ruler of
Kahandelgram,Rajasthan, IndiaRajasthan, India.He
was blessed with two beautiful queens, Rani
Suryakuvar and Rani Indrakuvar. However,the king
did not have any children, thus no one to carry his
name or kingdom. He performed many pujas,
yagnas and much charity to help the poor, but no
avail. Finally, one day he shared his sorrow with
his spiritual advisor, Maharishi Yagyavalk.
Maharishi Yagyavalk told him that he was cursed
from his previous life and this was the reason he
was still childless. Then the Maharishi explained to
the king "In your previous life, you earned your
living through killing and selling of animals flesh.
Once, you aimed your bow and arrow at a
pregnant deer and killed her.As she died in pain,
she placed a curse upon you saying, "You shall be
childless!" However, you felt guilty from this act,
and went to Pushkar where you took bath in the
pious pond, to wash off your sins. This religious
act helped you become a king in this life. To
recover from this past curse, there is one solution
that I shall explain to you. Not too far from here in
Bhashkar state, there is a Pipal tree, under which a
Shivling is buried. You should get this Shivling out
and make a beautiful temple for Lord Shiva, in
which this Shivling must be embellished with
respect and devotion." The king did exactly as he
was told, in addition he recited the " Om, Namah
Sivaya" shloka for two years. With this pious and
religious act, Lord Shiva became happy and the
king was blessed with a son, whom he named
Sujansen.
Once the prince Sujansen was
born, the spiritual advisor made his Kundali, to
chart out his graha and nakhshatra. He shared the
graha position findings with King Khandelsen and
said "Your son will be handsome, masculine, and
powerful; however due to an unforeseen incident
he will suffer from sorrow for a short while, but
that will eventually result in a happy ending.
The Prince Sujansen was
married to princess Chadravati, a daughter of King
Yudhaveer. After this marriage,the King Khandelsen
handed over the kingdom to his son Sujansen, and
moved to the forest for his retirement. One day
King Sujansen went into the forest to hunt with his
seventy-two soldiers as part of his routine. As the
King and his soldiers were hunting, they got lost
and became hungry. Soon, they sensed an aroma,
as if someone was cooking good food, and they
followed this aroma and reached a place where six
rishis were performing yagna for Lord Shiva.Due to
extreme hunger, the king and soldiers started
eating prasad, drinking water from the nearby pond
that was reserved for the yagna puja, and also
started washing their stained bows and arrows in
it. This broke the rishis' concentration, and they
cursed king and his seventy-two soldiers to turn
into stones.
Back in the kingdom, the queen
and other 72 wives of soldiers were waiting for
their husbands to return for months, and finally
Queen The Prince Sujansen was married to
princess Chadravati, a daughter of King Yudhaveer.
After this marriage,the King Khandelsen handed
over the kingdom to his son Sujansen, and moved
to the forest for his retirement. One day King
Sujansen went into the forest to hunt with his
seventy-two soldiers as part of his routine. As the
King and his soldiers were hunting, they got lost
and became hungry. Soon, they sensed an aroma,
as if someone was cooking good food, and they
followed this aroma and reached a place where six
rishis were performing yagna for Lord Shiva.Due to
extreme hunger, the king and soldiers started
eating prasad, drinking water from the nearby pond
that was reserved for the yagna puja, and also
started washing their stained bows and arrows in
it. This broke the rishis' concentration, and they
cursed king and his seventy-two soldiers to turn
into stones. Chandravati went to see Maharishi
Jabali. The Rishi Jabali explained the situation in
its entirety and suggested that she and all other 72
wives of soldiers should go to the temple near the
pond and worship Lord Shiva for their husbands'
life.At this time, inKailashparvath, in the Himaliyas
Lord Shiva and his beautiful wife Parvati were
residing. Lord Shiva told Parvati that he needs to
visit Earth, some of his worshipers were performing
ygana and he needs go and show his satisfaction
towards the successful completion of yagna.
Parvati, loves her husband dearly, and did not like
to part from her husband. This time Parvati
insisted that she also goes with Shiva to Earth.
Lord Shiva said to Parvati, "Dear, you are very kind
hearted, you will not be able to bear the pains of
the people living on Earth. As always, you will ask
me to take away all of their sorrows, so it is better
you stay here till my return to Kailashparvath".
Mata Parvati insisted and said, "No, I must go with
you". After a while, Lord Shiva said, "As you wish!"
and they both started their journey to Earth where
the rishis were performing the yagna.
As Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati,
reached the site, Parvati Mata saw the queen and
all other wives were crying for their husbands'
stone figures. Lord Shiva explained the situation to
Mata Parvati.Mata immediately said to Lord Shiva
"You must give these husbands another life,
because when I can not live without you even for a
fraction of a second, how can you expect me to
leave this place while these wives are so sorrowful
in life without their husbands." Lord Shiva said
"This is what I was afraid of when you decided to
join me for this journey; in any case I must do so".
At this point, Lord Shiva brought king and other
seventy-two soldiers back to life, and told king
Sujansen "Because you have performed sinful
activities, taking away lives of God's creatures, and
have misused your power, you have suffered from
this incident. From now on, since I am giving all of
you a second life, you will be known after my
name as"Mahesh-waris". You will also stop your
role of Kshatriya and play a new role of Vaishya,
Vaishya Dharam , which is a role of non-violence.
Sujansen to compensate for your violent tendency,
from now on you will make living through
donations from your other seventy-two Vaishaya
brothers and you will perform the task of
documenting their family trees". At once, all came
to life as if they were awakening from a long sleep.
However, they were hesitant to accept their wives,
since they still belonged to theKshatriya caste. At
this point, Parvati Mata said, "All of you takefour
parikramas around me, whoever are wife and
husband; their gathbandhan will be joined auto-
magically". At this, everyone did so, and they re-
joined as husbands and wives. Due to this, four
feras (parikramas) are done outside, during the
Maheshwari weddings, as a reminder of our origin.
Lord Shiva gave this blessing to the new seventy-
two Vaishyas on the 9 th day of Jyesth, Shukla
Paksh in the year 9 of Yudhisthira Sanvat. On this
day, newlywed brides and grooms are appointed to
do Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati's puja so that they
can also be blessed with children and live a happy
and joyous life eternally. While the seventy-two
soldiers were bathing in the pond, their bows and
arrows were melted, and after this the pond was
named "Loh-Garl". Due to the incident in this
story, new seventy-two Maheshwari khanp (Last)
names were created. After this, additional five
Kshatriya last names were also added to the
original seventy-two last names. Khandela town is
about 10 miles away from Phulera junction of
Jaipur district. Loh-Garl area still has a water bath,
which is 20-25 miles away from the Ringus
junction, near the mountains. Birla, one of India's
most prestigious families has established a
sanatorium near the Didwana of Nagour distict.

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